Drawing on History
Pre Civil War – Vietnam
Level: High School (9-12 gr.)
Intro: The world of art history is truly like a fine tapestry. Artists weave their lives into their art; they are affected by their surroundings, local and global events, as well as other art movements. As one style moves in, one moves out, and other brief styles interrupt or influence the other. While it is all happening you don’t really get a sense of the whole picture, much like looking at the back of a tapestry while it is being made. Today a student is able to gaze into the past as if looking at the front side of a tapestry—seeing an amazing picture of history.
This course is intended as a brief survey of art from 1830–1970, just before the Civil War to the early 1970s. We will cover most of the major art movements that evolved during these 160 or so years, but not all of them. Many of these movements span extended periods of time and some change slightly during that course of time.
Some movements overlap. A few movements are regional and some became worldwide, especially after WWII. We will also look at some art that doesn’t “fit” into any of the major art movements but is applicable to our study of history and major world events during that time.
This curriculum is designed to give each student a basic understanding of what was happening in the art world during major events in history. Art can be a very effective tool for studying the history of the world. The artist is a lot like a historian, but in a visual way. When an artist uses his or her art form to depict social, political, and emotional events in his or her life we understand history in a deeper, much richer way. History affects art and art reflects history. The two are inseparable.
African American Slave Artisans
Neo- and Post-Impressionism
Art Nouveau and Symbolism
Fauvism and Expressionism
Modernism in Print
Cubism, Dada, and Surrealism
USA: WPA, Federal One Project, and the FAP
Art and War – Pablo Picasso
WWII – Art of the Third Reich and Degenerate Art WWII – The Art of the Woodcuts of Japan
Psychedelic Art, Tie Dye, and Hippies